Archibald Campbell (around 1538-12 September 1573), 5. Earl of Argyll

Same as
Additional names
Parents
Father:1Archibald Campbell (-1558), 4. Earl of Argyll
Mother:2Helen Hamilton (-)
Spouses and relationship events
Married:31554Jean Stewart (-)
Married:4around 1573Janet Cunningham (-before 6 January 1584-85)
Marriage contract dated 8 August 1573.
Divorced:51573Jean Stewart (-)
Children
Children with Janet Cunningham:
(Unknown) Campbell (-)6
Children with :
John Campbell (-), Provost of the collegiate church of Kilmun7
Colin Campbell (-)8
A. Campbell (-)9
Jean Campbell (-)10
Elizabeth Campbell (-)11
Attributes
Occupation:125. Earl of Argyll
Events
Born:13around 1538
Died:1412 September 1573
Personal Info
He is designed son and heir-apparent of Archibald, Earl of Argyll, in six charters, granted to him on 22 October 1542, of 1. Lands in the counties of Edinburgh, Perth, Fife, and Clackmannan; 2. The baronies of Lochow, Glenurchy, Over Cowall, lands of Strachur, etc., in Argyll, and the barony of Tarbert, etc.; 3. Abernethy; 4. Lordship and barony of Lome, and islands, Kilmun, Dunoon, etc.; 5. Lands in Cowall; and, 6. The hereditary offices for Argyll, Lome, Knapdale, and Kintyre; and on 23 and 15 December 1558 he got three charters, 'to Archibald, now Earl of Argyll, son of Archibald, late Earl of Argyll', of the lands of Balloch, in Dumbartonshire, and Craigneilston, in the county of Renfrew. He was educated under Mr. John Douglas, the first Protestant Archbishop of St. Andrews.15
In 1558 the Earl and James, Prior of St. Andrews (afterwards the Regent Moray), were empowered to carry the crown matrimonial to Francis, Dauphin of France, husband of Queen Mary, but refused to do it. The Earl also adhered to the party of the Queen-mother, and in May 1559 was one of her commissioners for conducting a negotiation with the Lords of the Congregation, and concluded the Treaty of Perth with them. He and Moray, however, afterwards openly joined the Congregation, and Argyll took a principal part in the subsequent transactions, in obtaining the assistance of Queen Elizabeth, and obliging the French troops to leave Scotland. On the arrival of Queen Mary in Scotland (19 August 1561) the Earl was sworn a Privy Councillor, and was so much in her Majesty's favour that she passed a part of the summer of 1563 at Inveraray in the sport of deer-hunting. In her letters she calls him brother, and signs herself 4 your richt good sister and best friend for ever. His Lordship opposed the match of the Queen to Lord Darnley, 1565, but Mary was so active in her measures, and prompt in mustering an armed force, that her opponents were obliged to take refuge in England; they, however, were received again into favour, and the processes of treason against them discharged, 1566. The Queen ordered lodgings to be provided for the Earl of Argyll next to her own, in the Castle of Edinburgh, when she went there to be confined. The Earl was not, however, present at the christening of her son James VI on account of the popish ceremonies; but his lady stood sponsor, as proxy for Queen Elizabeth, and held the child at the font. 'For this scandal, as it was called, she was cited before the General Assembly, and submitting to discipline, was enjoined to make such publick pennance in the Chapel of Stirling, as the Superintendent of Lothian should appoint, and which, without all doubt, she underwent.'16
On the unfortunate marriage of Mary with Bothwell, Argyll was one of the noblemen who entered into a bond of association, 1567, for the defence of King James VI, and carried the sword of state at his coronation, 29 July of that year. He was present at the Parliament held by the Earl of Moray, as regent, 15 December 1567. But, thinking the Queen hardly dealt with, in being kept a prisoner, the Earl of Argyll entered into the association for procuring her Majesty's liberty on reasonable conditions, and signed the bond to that effect, 8 May 1568.5 He received a commission from the Queen as lieutenant-general of her forces, dated at Hamilton, on the very day of the battle of Langside, 13 May 1568. Just as the armies were beginning to engage, his lordship was seized with a swooning fit, which probably contributed not a little to the defeat of Mary's forces. After this, Argyll retired to his own country, and refused to submit to the Regent, but at length, in April 1569, made his peace with Moray on easy terms. After the assassination of the Regent, the Earl and other noblemen of the Queen's party assembled at Linlithgow, 10 April 1570, and, along with the Duke of Ohatelherault and the Earl of Huntly, was constituted one of her Majesty's lieutenants in Scotland. In 1571 he was prevailed on by the Regent Lennox to submit to the King's authority, and to appear in the Parliament at Stirling, in September. He attended, and after the murder of Lennox on the fourth of that month Argyll was a candidate for the regency, but the choice fell on the Earl of Mar, and Argyll was sworn a Privy Councillor, 7 September 1571. On the promotion of the Earl of Morton to the regency, vacant by the death of Mar, in November 1572, the office of Lord High Chancellor was given to the Earl of Argyll, who thereupon obtained a charter under the Great Seal, of that office for all the days of his life, 17 January 1572-73, wherein he is styled ' Archibald, Earl of Argyll, Lord Campbell and Lorn, our Justice-General. He held that office till his death, of the stone, 12 September 1573, aged about forty-three years. He is celebrated by Arthur Johnston in his Heroes. He died intestate, his brother Colin being his executor.17
Groups
Issues

Sources

1 Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King of Arms, The Scots Peerage Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland Containing an Historical and Genealogical Account of the Nobility of that Kingdom, Volume I: (: David Douglas, 1904), Argyll, p. 338-40, IV Archibald Campbell.
2 Ibid
3 Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King of Arms, The Scots Peerage Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland Containing an Historical and Genealogical Account of the Nobility of that Kingdom, Volume I: (: David Douglas, 1904), Scotland, p. 23-25, James V.
4 Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King of Arms, The Scots Peerage Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland Containing an Historical and Genealogical Account of the Nobility of that Kingdom, Volume IV: (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), Glencairn, p. 239-42, V Alexander Cunningham.
5 Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King of Arms, The Scots Peerage Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland Containing an Historical and Genealogical Account of the Nobility of that Kingdom, Volume I: (: David Douglas, 1904), Scotland, p. 23-25, James V.
6 Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King of Arms, The Scots Peerage Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland Containing an Historical and Genealogical Account of the Nobility of that Kingdom, Volume IV: (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1907), Glencairn, p. 239-42, V Alexander Cunningham.
7 Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King of Arms, The Scots Peerage Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland Containing an Historical and Genealogical Account of the Nobility of that Kingdom, Volume I: (: David Douglas, 1904), Argyll, p. 340-44, V Archibald Campbell.
8 Ibid
9 Ibid
10 Ibid
11 Ibid
12 Ibid
13 Ibid
14 Ibid
15 Ibid
16 Ibid
17 Ibid
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